October 1, 1924
President of the United States
James Earl (Jimmy) Carter served as president of the United States
from 1977 to 1981. His domestic strategies were hampered by runaway
inflation and an uncooperative Congress that couldn't come to agreement
with him on energy conservation and alternate energy research policies.
In foreign affairs, however, Carter is credited with helping to bring
about peace between Egypt and Israel, making treaty to give Panama
control of the Panama Canal, reaching an arms control agreement with
the Soviets (SALT II, which was never ratified), and securing the
release of the U.S. hostages from the embassy in Tehran, Iran. (Though
some conspiracy theorists claim George Bush tampered with this action.)
Carter also attempted an overhaul of the tax system, but Congress rejected
the idea in favor of tax cuts. Carter's popularity was hampered throughout
1980 because of the difficulty in ending the hostage crisis in Iran. It
was also hampered because the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan led him to
reinstate draft registration, boycott the summer Olympics in Moscow, and
cut domestic spending in favor of military spending.
In the November 4, 1980 election, Carter was defeated by Ronald Reagan.
On January 20, 1981, just minutes after Carter left office, Iran released
Since leaving the presidency, Carter has continued the work that stood out
during his presidency, acting as a mediator to help bring about peaceful
settlements to disputes throughout the world.
The Carter Center,
The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum,